1. TAMAÑO OF THE FIELD:
The playing field is a rectangle whose dimensions for the game of double are 13,40 m x 6.10 m and for the individual game 13,40 m x 5.18 m. See figures:
These dimensions correspond to the British following steps: 44 feet x 20 feet and 44 feet x 17 feet.
The game field of parabádminton mode in a wheelchair, for single and double rooms, is constituted by the areas of draw and play areas regulatory on the track, as shown in Figure:
The game field of parabádminton standing, individual middle class track, is formed by the draw area and playground regulatory on the track, as shown in Figure:
For the other classes of parabádminton standing, uses the hint regulatory or standard.
The game field of mini-bádminton (children aged 8 to 12 years), to single and double rooms, is constituted by the areas of draw and play areas regulatory on the track, as shown in Figure:
In prebádminton (boys and girls of less than 7 years) you can enable three tracks on a standard badminton court as shown in Figure:
2. OUTER BANDS AND SAFETY:
To facilitate the development, the vision of the game and for safety, around the game field will have a band of security unhindered 0.75 m wide at the sidelines and 1.55 m wide at the bottom lines, sporting competitions high-level external gangs would be 1 m wide at the sidelines and 2 m wide in lines of substance. See Figure:
3. ROUTE OF THE FIELD:
The route of the game field will be in accordance with the figure:
The brands have 4 cm wide and will easily distinguishable color hue sports pavement and preferably white or yellow.
All lines are part of the surface that delimit.
4. HEIGHT FREE OF OBSTÁCULOS:
The height between the surface of sports pavement and the nearest obstacle in both interior installations (underside of roof, hang beam, luminaire, through air conditioning, hanging baskets equipments such as basketball, etc.) será 7.50 m as a minimum, on the Playing area, this is the field and external gangs, leaving at that altitude entirely free of obstacles. At levels recreational and mini-bádminton free height can be 7 m.
National sports competitions high-level, the free space must be at least 9 m and advisable to 12 m.
In the main sports competitions of the global federation of Badminton (BWF), the minimum free height should be 12 m, in other international events of the Federation minimum free height is 9 m and advisable to 12 m.
5. ORIENTACIÓN SOLAR:
The longitudinal axis of the track, outdoor facilities, should match the N-S geographical direction, with a variation between N-NE and N-NO.
Artificial lighting is uniform and so that does not cause glare players, the arbitral team or the spectators.
Will have the following minimum levels of horizontal lighting and colour rendition, according to the criteria of the standard UNE-EN 12193 “ Illumination of sports facilities, ” in the playing area, which is shown below:
|LEVELS OF ILUMINACIÓN MÍNIMOS
And med (lux)
And min / E med
|International and national competitions||750||0.7||60|
|Regional competitions, training high level||500||0.7||60|
|Local competitions, training, use in schools and recreational||300||0.5||20|
The luminaires must not be placed on the game field to avoid deslumbramientos. The illumination must not generate reflexes or shadows in the playing area.
In sporting competitions high level in the funds of the track is not used the white color in regalia, curtains or other elements in order not to hinder the correct vision of the wheel. It is recommended that are only used funds from dark colors.
In sporting competitions of the global federation of Badminton (BWF), the level of recommended minimum illumination is 1000 lux, which provide uniform light on the playing area. The illumination must not be directly on or behind the Playing area, along the sides of the track. The possible windows or holes that are light sources of day or direct sunlight, behind or by the sides of the track, must be covered.
For TV broadcasts of color and recording movies requires a vertical illuminance levels depending on the speed of action and the size of the object, in the above standard UNE-EN 12193, sports have been classified, in this sense, in three groups A, B and C; badminton belongs to the group B. The value of the vertical illuminance varies with distance from the camera to the object, for this line see the chart below:
Sockets for TV or movies, spaces around the badminton court must be lit, so that the level of vertical lighting is at least 0.25 the level of lighting vertical track game. For more information should consult the mentioned law.
7. PAVEMENT SPORTY:
The playing surface must be a flat surface, horizontally and uniform, also need to consider that the very pavements sliding or excessively adherents are not appropriate since harm displacement and make it difficult to achieve in time punching positions or may cause injury.
The tiles are suitable synthetic or wood, fixed or removable. The rigid pavements are not acceptable.
Sports surface recommended for badminton, consists of a ground Área-elástico basis, finished with a surface layer punto-elástica slider not at the top, which offers a sports ground of elastic properties combined. The higher punto-elástica layer can be a removable tapestry, so that it can use the soil Área-elástico basis for other sports for those who is preferable Área-elástica response to a combination of elasticity soil, however it must consider the easy chair slide for badminton in a wheelchair, so the removable tapestry is not suitable for badminton in a wheelchair.
The finish of sports pavement should be mate to avoid brightness in the same.
Sports surface will include the playing field and a band perimetral 0.75 m wide and at least 1 m in sporting competitions high level.
The pavement marina will have a flat surface, horizontally, lisa, free of acrimony, not abrasive, not slippery and mark the following requirements, based on the standard UNE-EN 14904:2007 “ surfaces for sports areas. Specifications for soil interior multideportivos ”:
SURFACE REQUIREMENTS INDOOR SPORTS
Force reduction *
35% VFG ³
25% VFG ³
Competitions and high level training national
Entren. Compet. and Regional, local, recreational, school
Vertical deformation * *
Competitions and high level training national
Entren. Compet. and Regional, local, recreational, school
80 - 110
Resistance to impacts
Without fissures, cracks or deformations over 0.5 mm for 8Nm impacts
Resistance to mark
Without fissures, cracks or deformations over 0.5 mm to 24 h. for testing
Mobile burdens * * *
Without fissures, cracks or deformations over 0.5 mm for loading minima 1500 N
Resistance to abrasion
Synthetic surfaces: maximum weight loss 1,000 mg
(1000 cycles, wheels H-18, loading 1.0 kg)
Coatings and lacquers: maximum weight loss 80 mg
(1000 cycles, wheels CS-10, loading 0.5 kg)
For an angle 85º will the value obtained
For an incidence angle 85º: ≤ 30% mates Surfaces
Products made with formaldehyde rehearsed and will belong to class: THE OR E2
Content of pentachlorophenol (PCP)
Sports surfaces must not contain it as a component of the product or its raw materials
Rehearsed and classified according to UNE-EN 13501-1 declaring class and resulting Underclass for fire behaviour
Planeidad / Regularity Superficial (“ in situ ”)
£6 Mm with rule of 3 m;
£2 Mm with rule of 0.3 m
The manufacturer and installer sports pavement, facilitate the documentation of the sports pavement containing at least as follows:
- Results of testing in laboratory of a sample of the pavement.
- The description of the installation procedure.
- Information on the maintenance of sports pavement.
- Test results “ in situ ” and its compliance with the requirements.
8. THE NETWORK AND MARKERS:
The equipment of the track consists of the two poles and the network. Mark the official rules of the Spanish Federation of Badminton, as well as the standard UNE-EN 1509 “ badminton Teams ”.
8.1 THE NETWORK
The network will be of synthetic fibres dark color. you have a width of 0.76 m and a length of 6.10 m and its top will have a white band of 7.5 cm wide folded thereby on each side is 3.75 cm wide. The size of the mesh should not be less than 15 mm and more than 20 mm.
The network must be subject of a cable tension that will be inserted into the top band and will have a height of 1.55 m on external lines bandwidth for twin and 1,524 m in the center of the track. Additionally have a string of strained higher and at the lower end another string of strained lower. See contains:
Mini-bádminton at the top of the network will be located to 1.30 m at the ends and to 1.27 m in the center. In pre-bádminton the upper part of the network will be 1.10 m.
The device of tension of the cable must be designed so that they do not release unexpectedly and does not constitute a risk for players.
There should be no space between the extremes of the network and markers.
The poles are located on the sidelines of double, both for the game of double and single rooms. Have a height of 1.55 m and should be stable and remain vertical, as well as maintaining the network in the position and the heights mentioned in the previous item. See contains:
The poles steel can be protected against corrosion, metal slight non-corrosive or protected from corrosion or synthetic materials.
By design, the poles can be with boxes to soil, with basis and setting to soil and auto-estables. See contains:
The poles or their media may not migrate to the track beyond the sidelines.
9. THE WHEEL
You can be built with natural or synthetic materials. The wheel of feathers is used for official competitions and high-level players, synthetic wheel is used to level of initiation, school or recreational.
Whatever the material used for the wheel, the characteristics of the flight must be generally similar to those of a wheel with natural feathers and a base of cork covered with a thin layer of leather.
The wheel of natural pen will set feathers sixteen to the base with a long variable of 62 mm to 70 mm but to the same extent in each wheel. The tips of feathers will form a circle of 58 mm to 68 mm diameter. basis will have a diameter of 25 mm to 28 mm diameter and spherical shape in the area of beat. The wheel must weigh between 4.74 g and 5,50 g. See Figure:
In the wheel of synthetic materials, skirt, or simulation of feathers in synthetic materials, replacing natural feathers. Actions and the weight of the wheel must be those indicated, however, given the difference of weight and other properties of synthetic materials compared with feathers, it supports a variation of up to 10%.
It is understood that the wheel has the correct speed when hitting a player the wheel on the bottom line with a blow below the shoulder in ascending and Angle parallel to the sidelines, the wheel fall to no less than 530 mm and not more than 900 mm in the bottom line opposite. See Figure:
Tennis has parties that are shown in Figure:
Its length shall be no more than 680 mm and its width shall be no more than 230 mm.
The area of the strings shall be flat and consist of a design of strings crusades either alternatively or intertwined united where intersect. The design of string will generally be uniform and with the same density in the centre than in any other Area. The area of the strings have a length of not more than 280 mm and a width of not more than 220 mm. However, strings can spread within the area that form the throat or Crosshairs, provided that the WAN width string does not exceed 35 mm and provided that the total length of the area of the strings is not greater 330 mm.
Be free of objects attached or bumps, with the exception of those used solely and specifically to limit or prevent wear, breakage, vibrations, to distribute the weight, or to ensure the mango through a tape player's hand and that are appropriate in size and position for such purposes and will be free of any device that makes it possible for a player to change materially the shape of the racket.
The string is usually racquets and synthetic tend to be built from metal, aluminium or carbon fibres.
In mini-bádminton you can modify the structure of the racket doing shorter the stick and, in some cases, reducing the size of the mango as diametrically longitudinal both.
11. THE EQUIPMENT FOR BADMINTON IN A WHEELCHAIR
For the practice of badminton in wheelchairs can be used a chair with certain characteristics that shown below.
The wheelchair can be equipped with a rear support wheel, which can be spread more behind the main wheels.
The body of the player can be set to the wheelchair with an elastic belt. The feet of the player must be set at the footrest of the wheelchair. When a player hits the wheel, part of the trunk and legs will be in contact with the seat of the wheelchair.
The recording of the wheelchair, including any filling can be horizontal or at an angle backwards, cannot be at an angle forwards.
The wheelchair should not have any electrical appliances or otherwise to help movements or the direction of the chair.
12. CHAIR OF THE ARBITRATOR
The umpire's chair must be stable, comfortable, convenient and safe with a broad base, the seat of the chair must be at the same height of the network 1.55 m and is equipped with a folding sliding platform for writing reporters. Will be placed at a distance of one metre, approximately, of the network. See figure
The marker will be placed in a situation of perfect visibility for referees, players and public. The bookmark can be manual. In national competitions high-level, a bookmark will be available electronic situated at a height and position that can be seen correctly by players, referees and spectators.
In sports facilities where you go to hold national competitions high-level, the sport installation will require installation of loudspeakers. Installing a loudspeaker should allow individually controlling the sound system in areas where there are representatives of the media and commentators.
The public address system must be designed to make automatically warnings in case of emergency, both athletes and spectators.
15. CLOSED CIRCUIT TELEVISIÓN (CCTV)
In sports facilities where you go to hold national competitions high-level, the sport installation will require installation of CCTV surveillance in color for viewers, as required by the authorities to prevent violence in sport. The installation of CCTV cameras available fixed and mobile that control the interior and the exterior (stands, accesses, etc.), supply of electricity and itself will be handled from the control room organisational installation.
16. ORGANISATIONAL CONTROL UNIT (UCO)
In sports facilities where you go to hold national competitions high level, as required by the authorities of prevention of violence in sport, due to the importance of the competition, the number of attendees, security of the same and the mode of its development, there will be a control room from which you have an overview of the installation (track, stands, etc.), the control unit available organisational, as a minimum, closed-circuit TV, sound and radio links and telecommunication, as well as the other means necessary to control the compound.
17. SPACES USEFUL SPORT
17.1 SPACES FOR ARBITRATORS, BANKS OF PLAYERS
Outwardly lateral bands of security of the track, there will be a space for the arbitrators and banks of players, with a width of 1,00 m, at least. See Figure:
In sporting competitions of high level will be available for the area of arbitrators internet connection and transmission of data, phone and electrical sockets.
17.2 COMPETICIÓN AREA
In high-level competition sports there will be a free space around the outer lines on the game field, falling outside the same, TV cameras, photographers, commentators, etc. The space described above, plus the playing field is called Area of competition and will have a minimum dimension of 17.40 m x 10,10 m in high-level competition sports. The area of competition can be delimited by a fence with the necessary steps. See Figure:
17.3 TEMPERATURE, VENTILACIÓN AND MOVEMENT OF AIR
The space of the badminton court will be ventilation and air conditioning or heating and fulfil the requirements that are shown in the standard NIDE “ halls and Flags ” sports areas, Sports centre. The minimum temperature should not be below 10º C, however it is recommended not less than fourteenth V. In sports facilities for high-level competition will remain a range of temperatures between 16ºc and 25ºc. The drive and the extract air ventilation system, heating and air conditioning are designed so that there is no flow or movements of air in the free space of the track. The speed of the air in the playing area not exceed 0,1 m / s.
17.4 WARMING TRACKS
For high-level competition, in addition to the track or central tracks sports installation requires at least two other different tracks for training purposes and heating before the match.
Have direct access to the game and track dimensions of each 16.50 m x 7,60 m, as a minimum and 7.50 m tall free of obstacles. It is also admissible have a Single track with large enough to accommodate the two slopes above, separated by a curtain. The pavement marina will have the characteristics described in paragraph 7 for this use. The lighting will be indicated in point 6 for this use, 500 lux minimum.
18. AUXILIARY SPACES FOR SPORTSPEOPLE
18.1 CHANGING ROOMS AND TOILETS OF SPORTSMEN
Will be disposed of at least two separate locker. The dressing rooms have zone of linen change with banks and hangers, showers area with space for drying and area with toilets flushing and cabins washbasins. The characteristics of these spaces are detailed in the standard NIDE “ Halls and Flags ”.
For sports competitions of high level the dressing rooms are located as close as possible to the game and with direct access to protect the same.
18.2 LOCKER ROOM, TOILETS OF ARBITROS
A costume will be available to Umpires, which may be used, when there are no competition, as costumes of coaches, monitors or teachers. These locker area will change with banks and clothes hangers, showers area with space for drying and area with toilets flushing and cabins washbasins. In the same costumes or annex to it will have an area for drafting of records, reports, etc. with the appropriate furnishings. Likewise the characteristics of these spaces are detailed in the standard NIDE “ Halls and Flags ”.
18.3 ENFERMERÍA – FIRST AID
Available so that the access to it from the track is easy and will have a quick departure abroad for evacuation of rugged, injured or sick.
Will be equipped with a table for exploration, camilla, a table, desk, armchair, a wardrobe boutique, dark and the team of medical equipment necessary for first aid. The first-aid room must be available for both athletes and to the public if there is no other specified for the public.
In sporting competitions of high level, it may be necessary a first-aid room separately for players and one for the public. The first-aid room for players will be so that it can be reached directly and quickly by emergency services from abroad, as well as from the game. It will put level of the track with easy and fast outdoor exits, the access will be free of obstacles, so that the injured player will be relocated there quickly. The first-aid room for the public will administer first aid to the public. Must be easily accessible from the stands and from ambulances abroad through reserved routes. In both areas will include a toilet and a sink preferably with a prelude which allows direct access from the first-aid room. Should be equipped with camilla, table, armchairs and wardrobe properly equipped kit with material for first aid.
18.4 AREA OF DOPING CONTROL
In official competitions will be the area of doping control, which will have an exclusive use for this purpose. Must meet the requirements that sets the command PRE / 1832 / 2011, 29 June, which regulates the area of control of doping, material for sampling and protocol handling and transporting blood samples and will have the following spaces:
• a waiting room with chairs and fridge for non-alcoholic beverages or other substances that might give adverse result, as well as container / s for collection of the packaging of drinks.
• A contiguous work room to the waiting room and communicated directly with it with table, chairs and a fridge with key to save the samples until his transfer.
• room of sampling of urine contiguous to the working room (in case of competitions for men and women is recommendable two) with toilet, sink and mirror.
• extraction room of blood as additional room adjacent to the room for work or as a space included in the room of work. If additional room fridge will be locked to save the samples until his transfer.
18.5 ALMACÉN ARGITALPENA
There will be a warehouse of sports equipment, of sufficient size to save sports equipment of badminton, as well as sports equipment for other sports will be closed and locked. Will have easy access or directly to the sports ground and from outside the sport installation without obstacles, it will meet the requirements of the standard NIDE “ Halls and Flags ”.
19. AUXILIARY SPACES UNIQUE
19.1 OFFICES AND ADMINISTRACIÓN ACREDITACIÓN ROOM
Spaces are designed for persons responsible for the administration of the sport installation. Its size will agree with the size of the sport installation that it serves. It will meet the requirements of the standard NIDE “ Halls and Flags ”.
For competitions of high level, they will be offices with the surface and the necessary equipment for events planned. There will be room or space for accreditation in the entrance hall, with direct access from the outside. The spaces of accreditation of Vips and media will be differentiated and separated from the rest. All spaces of accreditation will be clearly marked.
19.2 LOCKER ROOM STAFF
The staff locker will be a size according to the number of people involved in the preparation of the game, cleaning, maintenance of technical facilities, etc. These changing rooms will be separated from the Area of changing rooms of sportsmen and Arbitrators.
19.3 SPACES FOR AUTHORITIES AND PERSONALITIES
In large sports facilities where you go to hold relevant sports competitions, there will be a reception area and stay of authorities and personalities, who will be located near the gallery to authorities antepalco mode.
For high-level competition, requires book spaces for guests receive VIP in an appropriate form, whose size depends on the type of event. It has parking spaces with access differentiated and direct entrance to the interior of the installation and near the hospitality room.
19.4 SPACES FOR COMUNICACIÓN MEDIA
In large sports facilities where you develop important sports events will include spaces for the representatives of the media and installations require, such spaces are separated from areas of spectators and with independent access.
For high-level competition, likewise, requires that the sport installation takes differentiated entry for media with reception area and has the following spaces:
• platforms to the press.
• cabins for commentators radio and TV.
• spaces for TV cameras.
• work rooms of media.
• press conference room.
• working Room for the press.
• mixed area (area that allows to representatives of the media speak and / or interviewing players)
• will provide a reserved parking area for media, direct entrance and differentiated inside the sport installation.
20. SPACES FOR SPECTATORS
The spaces for viewers will see sports competitions that take place and have the necessary auxiliary spaces such as: lobby / s access with area and posters of information, access control, lockers, bar – cafeteria, bathrooms, cloakroom, etc. The spaces for spectators are designed and constructed so that are accessible to people with disabilities in a non-discriminatory, independent and safe places will be reserved for Disabled Guests (1 for wheel chairs for every 100 seats or fraction) and comply with national regulations, regional and local to the effect. The spaces for spectators would meet the requirements of Building standards (CTÉ) and other relevant regulations, especially public spectacles, accessibility and fires. Furthermore these spaces would meet the requirements of the standard NIDE “ Halls and Flags ”.
Sporting facilities where they are to perform sports competitions of high level must have independent access to players and referees different from those of public, so that they can not enter physical contact with the public.
In sporting competitions of high level, the public should always be located outside the area of competition indicated in point 17.2. See contains:
The No viewers anticipate depends on the level and the character of the sporting event.
In official competitions of the Spanish Federation of badminton, it is recommended to provide the following No minimum of seats:
• Seating minimum of 500 spectators sitting in Spain championships absolute, Sub-19 and national League clubs.
• Seating minimum of 300 spectators seated in tournaments Autonomist and others.
In high-level international competitions type world championship and Olympic Games requires a minimum capacity of 5,000 spectators and for championships Europa 2,000 spectators. In other international competitions officers require facilities with seating capacity of 1,000 Or 500 spectators.
Sporting facilities where competitions are held high-level and / or when the nature of the event can be spectators movements that can cause dangerous accumulation, will have the stands divided into sectors conveniently separated, for security reasons, so that the different groups of supporters are separated. The elements of separation will be the norm UNE-EN 13200-3 “ elements of separation. ". The capacity of each sector should not exceed 2,000 spectators, which can be divided a sector higher in subsectors with capacity not exceeding the indicated. Each sector will have at least 2 exits. Each sector or subsector destined to viewers should be equipped with toilets and areas of refreshment and rest for viewers in the sector, as well as exit routes independent, which should be easily identifiable and be marked with signs of evacuation.
The gallery of authorities and personalities is in a central position, near the playing field and off the banks of players and will be next to the room of hospitality. The area should not be accessible to the public. In high-level competition will be antepalco and will be suitable for at least 50 people.
Gallery of participants: Reserves a sufficient number of squares in a special gallery team members and organizations involved in the sporting event that are not disputing the match.
The sports facilities for badminton are designed and constructed so that are accessible to disabled, in a non-discriminatory, independent and safe. Have an exterior pathway accessible to the installation and itineraries accessible to the main runway, auxiliary sporting spaces, (Changing Rooms, nursing, etc.) and spaces for spectators. These sports areas, assistants and will be accessible for viewers, mark the accessibility criteria listed in the standard NIDE “ Halls and Flags ” as well as national regulations, regional and local. It is recommended that meet the requirements of standards UNE of “ accessibility ”.
22. BIBLIOGRAFÍA BÁSICA
- Rules of the game. Spanish Federation of Badminton (Updated 26 / June / 2008).
- Game rules of Minibádminton. Updated 4 / 10 / 2012. Spanish Federation of Badminton.
- Laws of Badminton and Regulations 2013-2014, Badminton World Federation (BWF)
- Rules UNE-EN “ surfaces and sports installations, ”
- Rules “ UNE-EN Lighting of sports facilities ”
- Rules UNE-EN “ Facilities for spectators in sports facilities ”
- Rules UNE “ accessibility ”