Beach Volleyball VOL-P


The playing field is a rectangle sizes 16 m x 8 m, steps from the outer edge of the lines that delimit the playing field.


To facilitate the development, the vision of the game and for safety, available around the playfield a band of security unhindered 3 m wide at least. In world competitions and officers of the international federation of Volleyball (FIVB) and in official competitions of the Real Spanish Federation volleyball, must measuring 5 m and at least 6 m maximum width of both the exterior of the sidelines as lines of fund.

The playing area includes the playing field and the free area, and their minimum dimensions are of 22 m x 14 m. In sporting competitions national and international high level the dimensions of the playing area are among 26 m x 18 m and 28 m x 20 m. The playing area should be separated from the public areas, if present, and so that does not involve risk of injury for players. See contains:


The route of the field of vóleyplayase will consistent with the figure

The brands will consist of elastic tapes, flexible, non-abrasive resistant, without sharp edges, not dangerous for the players, 5 cm wide. Will be a color that contrast with the sand. lines will be anchored and tightening in the sand on every corner through adjustable fixations and anchorages. The anchor to the field of synthetic will splines or wood preferably, may be protected metal corrosion and be nailed to a depth of not less than 25 cm. The elements of subjection of lines that are not protected or that can be seen, shall be of material flexible and soft.


The height between the sports area and the nearest obstacle will be 7 m at least on the field and external gangs, leaving at that altitude entirely free of obstacles in both outdoor facilities such as indoor facilities.

For global and competitions official FIVB (international federation of Volleyball) and national competitions high level sports, the free space must be at least 12.5 m.


The longitudinal axis of the track, in the outdoor facilities, should match the N-S geographical direction, with a variation between N-NE and N-NO.


Artificial lighting is uniform and so that does not cause glare players, the arbitral team or the spectators. Will have the following minimum levels of horizontal lighting, uniformity, performance and maximum color glare (GR) in accordance with the criteria of the standard UNE-EN 12193 “Illumination of sports facilities, ” in the playing area, which is shown below:




Horizontal illuminance



(Ra) ³


And med

(lux) ³


And min / Emed

International and national competitions





Local and regional competitions, training high level





Training, school sport and recreation





Tracks for internal vóleyplayade levels are the same as those of volleyball. For international competitions of the FIVB, held during the night, the lighting in the playing area must be 1,500 lux, measured at 1m on the surface of game in the main track of competition and 1000 lux in the other.

For TV broadcasts and recording movies requires a vertical illuminance levels depending on the speed of action and the size of the object, in the above standard UNE-EN 12193, sports have been classified, in this sense, in three groups A, B and C; elvoleyplayase believes that belongs to the group B. The value of the vertical illuminance varies with distance from the camera to the object, for this line see the chart below:

Vertical lighting level to maintain depending on the maximum distance of stone chambers (UNE-EN-12.193)

Sockets for TV or movies, surrounding spaces to track vóleyplayadeben be lit, so that the level of vertical lighting is at least 0.25 the level of lighting vertical track game. For more information should consult the mentioned law.

The installation of artificial lighting will require only if or when night racing for the transmission by TV or shots of films are needed, which will prevent light contamination in their environment and in the night sky for reflection and dissemination of artificial lighting.


Sports surface of game will consist of a layer of fine sand, levelled, flat, horizontal, loose and uniform. The sand may be deplayao of river, will be rounded grains, without fine to avoid lift dust. Will be well sifted so that do not present thick stones, shells, or any element that can cause cuts or injuries to players. The thickness of the layer of sand will be at least 40 cm. The sand that is used as a playing surface, mark the following specifications:

• Washing: The sand should be washed and free of fine (silt) and clay to prevent compacte and lift dust.

• size of the grains of sand: be between 0.5 and 1 mm to allow drainage appropriate and maximum security. No more than 5% by weight will be smaller size of 0.5 mm and not more than 5% will be larger than 1 mm, the maximum size 2 mm with retention in that sieve 0%.

• organic matter: Not contain organic matter.

• form of grains of sand: Will Be rounded angulosa not.

• Color: Will be light color, so that absorb less heat but with a minimum reflection.

If there are external curbs delimitation of the playing area, these will not edges or Angles towards the playing area and shall be flush with the surface of the sand.

Should provide an irrigation network to moisturize the sand in time warm and a drainage network on land little or nothing porous.

In international competitions and officers are required FIVB the following features of the sand:


Diameter of the grains


On retention screens


Fine gravel



Thick sand

1.0 - 2.0

0% and 6%

Thick sand

0.5 - 1.0

at least 80%

Average sand

0.25 - 0.5

92% maximum


0.15 - 0.25

7% - 18%

Very fine sand

0.05 mm - 0.15 mm

no greater than 2.0%

Limestone and clay

less than 0.05 mm

not exceeding 0.15

Likewise the sand will be free of organic matter, grains rounded will not from machaqueo.


The temperature should be compatible with the celebration of a competition outdoors. The weather should not present any danger of injury for players in the competition.

In national or global Competitions of the FIVB (international federation of Volleyball) it is recommended to have a canvas to fill the track in case of rain.


The equipment consists of the two poles, the network and the two antennas. Mark the official rules of Vóleyplayay security requirements of the standard UNE IN 1271 “volleyball Teams ” to the corresponding level.


The network is placed vertically on half of the track, will be dimensions 1 m wide (+ / - 3 cm) and 8.50 m long, with mesh to tables of 10 cm x 10 cm in its upper and lower edges there will be two horizontal bands from 7 to 10 cm wide dark blue or bright colours, sewn along its entire length.

By its interior will pass a cable of subjection of the network, you will also have a string of strained higher and at the lower end another string of strained lower.

Vertically placed in the network two side strips of 5 cm and 1 m long ranging on each line side of the playing field. See contains:

The heights of the network are shown in the attached table and is measured from midfield. The height above the two lateral lines should be the same and should not exceed more than 2 cm in height.







The height of the network varies depending on the age, for both sexes as follows:




16 years and under


14 years and under


12 years and under



There are two flexible rods, fiberglass or similar material, 10 mm in diameter and 1.80 m long, placed at both ends of the network outside each band side. See figure

It will always have in domestic or international competitions and is optional its use for classroom use, recreational or training.


Will be round, situated between 0.70 m and 1 m from the sidelines and have a height of 2.55 metres. Must have a device adjustment of the height of the network to upload or download them to the height of order.

Must be set firmly to the ground without cables. This setting can be embedded in magazines through a concrete massif in soil at least 35 cm, leaving the top to 4 cm as a minimum of the playing surface. See figure

For international and national competitions must be protected encasing into poles with a shock absorber materials to 2 m in height, which will have a buffer capacity with a drop of 200 mm below 50 g (acceleration of the seriousness 9.8 m / s ²) based on the standard UNE-EN 913. it is advisable to always have such protection.


Sera spherical, with outer surface flexible material (or synthetic leather) that do not absorb humidity, internal camera rubber or similar. Light color or combination of colors.

The circumference or perimeter of the ball will be 66 cm to 68 cm and its weight is 260 g to 280 g. The internal pressure of the ball will be 0.175 to 0,225 Kp / cm ² (171-hPa or 221mbar). See figure


The chair of 1 must be Arbiter adjustable in height, stable, with a broad base and should allow the arbitrator, either sitting or standing, has its view 0.50 m above the upper edge of the network. The structure of the chair will also be protected with padded.


The marker will be placed in a situation of perfect visibility for the mathematical table, referees, players and the public. The bookmark may be manual and will indicate the names of the teams, result of the set in progress and sets accumulated earlier by each team.

In national competitions high-level, there will be a bookmark at least electronic, so that it can be operated since the mathematical table and a bookmark manual for use in the event of a breakdown. Will Have the same characteristics shown in the standard NIDE VOL-Voleibol.

In high-level international competitions are placed two electronic scoreboards to better visibility of viewers and whenever possible are situated diagonally in the corners of the playing area, placed on some platforms with a minimum height of 0.50 m and maximum of 1m on sand. Likewise is placed a bookmark manual at the mathematical table.


In sports facilities where you go to hold national competitions high-level, the sport installation will require installation of loudspeakers.

The public address system must be designed to make automatically warnings in case of emergency, both athletes and spectators.



Outside the free zone will be placed on both sides of the network two chairs of athletes and off the table of network file. It Is desirable some element of protection against the sun both for wheelchair athletes as for the file (e.g.: umbrellas, etc.). Wheelchair athletes will be placed at a distance of not less than 3 m from the table of the file. See figure


In high-level competition sports available, outside the free zone, a free space or corridor of 3 m minimum width, without public.

The area or corridor described above, plus the playing field and the free area is called area of competition and will have a minimum dimension of A m x 20.00 m and 32,00 m x 24.00 m to 34,00 m x 26,00 m in high-level competition sports. See figure


For high-level competition, besides the central track requires at least two other different tracks, for training and warming up before the match.

Will have easy access to the game and track each dimensions of 24 m x 15 m, as a minimum and 7 m tall free of obstacles. It is also admissible have a Single track with large enough to accommodate the two slopes above, separated by a network of at least 3 m in height. The sports area will have the characteristics described in paragraph 7. The lighting will be indicated in point 6 for this use, 200 lx minimum.


When necessary, you can take as reference auxiliary spaces for athletes and arbitrators shown in the standard NIDE VOL-Voleibol. The auxiliary spaces may consist of temporary facilities either use existing infrastructures located within walking distance of the Playing area.

In temporary facilities enable changing booths, showers and toilets and close to the playing area of vóleyplaya.


In official competitions available in the vicinity of the playing area of vóleyplaya, so that the access to it from the track is easy and possible, if necessary, the rugged rapid evacuation, injured or sick. Will the team of medical equipment necessary for first aid and should be available for sportsmen and the public, if there is no other for the public.


In official competitions when necessary, shall be control area of doping indicated in the standard NIDE VOL-Voleibol.


There will be a warehouse of sports equipment, of sufficient size to save sports equipment of vóleyplaya. Will have easy access or directly to the sports ground and from outside the sport installation without obstacles, it will meet the requirements of the standard NIDE Tracks “Small ”.


When it deems necessary accreditation spaces, offices of administration, spaces for authorities and personalities, spaces for media, etc., can be taken as a reference unique auxiliary spaces shown in the standard NIDE VOL-Voleibol.


The spaces for spectators may be temporary or permanent. The temporary spaces for viewers will see sports competitions that take place with safe and comfortable facilities.

When they are constituted by demountable temporary stands, will meet the requirements of the current regulations that apply them, so they meet the standards UNE-EN 13200-6 Facilities for spectators. Part 6: Bleachers (temporary) and removable UNE-EN 13200-1 Facilities for spectators. Part 1: general design Criteria, as follows:

• demountable temporary the stands will be foreseen for spectators seated.

• regarding the correct visibility of stands by viewers will mark the recommendations regarding the lines of vision of UNE-EN 13200-1 Facilities for spectators. Part 1: general design Criteria, as shown in the standard NIDE SP-Salas and Flags (Facilities for spectators and the corresponding figures.

• the carrying structure of the forces stands supports static and dynamic produced by viewers, as well as other actions predictable as weight own, wind, etc Will be designed so that has sufficient stability and resistance against those actions. Below shows the overloads of use for consideration:

• uniform Burdens fixed seating areas: 4.0 kN / m2

• uniform Burdens agglomeration areas: 5.0 kN / m2

• concentrated loads of 1kN spaced according to a grid of 0.5 x 0.5 m, area of application 0.2 x 0.2 m.

• theoretical horizontal Burden by movements of spectators of at least 6% of the burden vertical. This burden must be added the wind and the possible seismic action.

• Coefficient security partial overloads use: 1.50.

• arrow horizontal elements not more than 1 / 200.

• horizontal Displacement not greater than 1 / 250.

• Vibrations by effect of rhythmic movement of people, will be greater 3.4 Hz.

• grounding system that allows the transfer of loads the ground without deformations or seating structure.

• the stands demountable temporary available throughout its perimeter of protective barriers for security against the risk of falls, with a minimum height of 1,00 m and 1.10 m for irrigation falls in height greater than or equal to 6 m. The barriers or handrails that may interfere lines of vision can have a height 0.90 m but the difference in height of the risk of fall will be less than 6 m. The barriers to staggered corridors or ladders or located in evacuation routes which produces change of direction of viewers will have a minimum height of 1.10 m. The barriers protecting will not be easily scaleable for what will not have horizontal elements that can serve as a support points and have no risk of trapping, so that the openings at the same will miss no a field of 10 cm in diameter. The barriers should resist actions of horizontal forces uniformly distributed whose value is not less than 3.0 kN / m.

• entry channels, distribution and exit of spectators in the removable temporary stands, such as steps, corridors, corridors staggered, etc. will ensure an entry and exit comfortable and safe even in case of emergency. The evacuation of time stands for the viewers to reach a secure site will be a maximum of 8 minutes.

• the steps or corridors between rows of seats that take exit by the two extremes, horizontal and will have a minimum width 0.35 m until 18 seats and 1.25 cm more for each additional seat for 30 seats or more the width will be greater or equal 0.45 m. The No maximum of seats in rows with exits by the two extremes will be 40.

• the steps or corridors between rows of seats only take exit by an end, horizontal and will have a minimum width 0.35 m until 9 seats and 2.50 cm more for each additional seat with a maximum of 12 seats.

• each seat will have a minimum width 0.45 m if they have no armrests and 0.50 m with armrests, when there are no individual seats each square has a width of 0.50 m, the height of the seat will be 0.45 cm on the horizontal shelf support of the feet and the bottom of the seat will be 0.35 m at least.

• the corridors staggered access to the towns of ladders and stands will have steps with constant dimension contrahuella which shall be no more than 0.20 m, give level access to the ranks of spectators and will have a minimum width of 1,20 m. The ladder without tabica will blunt edges.

• openings exist anywhere in the stands will be such that will not pass a field of 10 cm in diameter.

• temporary toilets will be sufficient agree with the No spectators expected, which will existing health standards. In the absence of specific regulations will be taken as a reference for the No toilets to anticipate the standard NIDE PP-Pistas Small.

The spaces for viewers consisting of permanent stands taken into consideration what indicated in the same paragraph of the standard NIDE VOL-Voleibol.

In high-level international competitions requires a sufficient number of seats as follows:

• 8,000 spectators spaces for the world championship Vóleyplayafivb.

• 3,500 squares of spectators to world tour “Grand Slam Vóleyplayafivb ”.

• 1500 squares and at least 2,000 maximum for other events of the FIVB Vóleyplayade.


The sports facilities for vóleyplayase designed and constructed so that are accessible to people with disabilities in a non-discriminatory, independent and safe. Have an exterior pathway accessible to the installation and itineraries accessible to the track, the auxiliary sports areas and spaces for spectators in the event that exist. These spaces are equally accessible. The itineraries are not available with pavements loose materials (sand, gravel, etc.), pavements of itineraries and accessible areas will be tough and stable without individual elements, without together or resaltos of more than 4 mm, nor drilling holes or over 1.5 cm.


- Official rules Vóleyplaya2013-2016 Game, FIVB.

- FIVB-BVB Handbook 2013.

- Rules “UNE-EN Lighting of sports facilities ”

- Rules UNE-EN “Facilities for spectators in sports facilities ”

- Rules UNE “accessibility ”