ATLr Straight races in

1 TRACK TAMAÑO

The size of a Line regulatory for racing is a rectangle that has a length and width determined depending on the area of exits, the maximum distance on which it competes, the braking zone and the number of athletes who can compete simultaneously.

For competitions requires a minimum of 6 streets. For other levels (school sport, recreational sport) can be arranged a minimum of 4 streets. When the line is integrated in the track 400m circular will have a minimum of 6 streets, at national and international Championships will have a minimum of 8 streets.

The distances of careers in straight, both for competition outdoors as indoor track, correspond to the categories according to the following categories:

STRAIGHT RACES (OUTDOOR RINK)
TYPE Distance (m) CATEGORÍA
MEN WOMEN
SMOOTH 100 Senior, promise, Junior, youthful, Cadet
80 Child
60 Fingerling
50 Baby
FENCES 110 Senior, promise, Junior, juvenile ---
100 Cadet Senior, promise, Junior, juvenile
80 Child Child

STRAIGHT RACES (INDOOR COURT)
TYPE Distance (m) CATEGORÍA
MEN WOMEN
SMOOTH 60 Senior, promise, Junior, youthful, Cadet, infant, Swim
50 Baby
FENCES 60 Senior, promise, Junior, youthful, Cadet, infant

The following table shows the dimensions of the straights of speed of competition of interior and exterior:

ATHLETICS SPEED STRAIGHT
Distance DIMENSIONS (m)
LENGTH WIDTHS
Exit area Distance Braking zone Total 4
streets
6
streets
8
streets
60 3.00 60.00 15,00 / 5.00 80.00 / 78.00 4.88 7.32 9.76
110 3.00 110.00 5.00 131,50

2 OUTER BANDS AND SECURITY

To facilitate the development of competition and security of athletes, bands will be reserved minimum unhindered spaces of 1.50 m minimum width in the sides of the track.

3 HEIGHT OBSTÁCULOS FREE

The height between the pavement and the nearest obstacle (power lines in outdoor facilities; underside of roof, hang beam, luminaire, through air conditioning, in covered facilities) both on the line as on the outer bands, should be entirely free and have a minimum of 4 m.

SOLAR ORIENTACIÓN 4

The longitudinal axis of the line must match the geographic address N-NO (exit), S-SE (arrival), with its variation within the period between environment and Not. It must take into account the winds not to run against them.

TYPE OF FLOORING 5

The Line will be a pavement features normally different from their outer bands. The outdoor area should be completely flat, according to the evacuation superficial waters sideways slope a maximum of 1 per 100 inland longitudinal and another top (career direction) of 1 per 1,000. The pavement must have solved the drainage deep, as well as not being abrasive or slippery and elastic although endowed itself of security underfoot.

The pavement will be synthetic, prefabricated or “ in situ ”, on a basis of zahorras (sand and gravel) 15 cm thick minimum and two layers of asphalt agglomerated 40 mm (Arid Ømáx.: 20 mm) and 25 mm (Arid Ømáx.: 5 mm) thick minimum respectively.

Mark the following requirements under UNE 41958 IN “ sports Pavements ”:

REQUIREMENTS FOR SPORTS PAVEMENT ATHLETICS TRACKS
Impact absorption
(Force reduction)
50% ≥ VFG ≥ 35% Competitions international and national Level
35% ≥ VFG ≥ 20% Regional competitions, local, recreational, school
Deformation ≤ 3Mm StV
Friction Μ ≤ 0.5
Planeidad Differences in levels below 3 mm measured with rule of 3 m (1 / 1000)
Pending Maximum 1:250 radial gradient
Resistance to impacts Without fissures, cracks or deformations over 0.5 mm for impacts of 8 Nm
Resistance to nails * Maximum weight loss 10%
Resistance to traction Porous pavements: ≥ 400 kPa
Non porous pavements: ≥ 500 kPa
Elongation of breakage (Er): ≥ 40%
Thickness 12 mm; track
20 mm; jump areas (boom, longitude, height, triple jump) of throwing spears and pit of the estuary

* Rules and the soles of the shoes heels may have up to a maximum of 11 nails. For synthetic pavement part of the nail that protrudes from the soles or heeled should not exceed 9 mm, except for leap of height and of throwing spears not exceeding 12 mm. The maximum diameter of the nails will be 4 mm In another type of pavements the maximum length of the nail is 25 mm diameter and the maximum 4 mm

If used pavements of transportable character (mats, rolls or synthetic rubber...), I apply all previous provisions regarding pending (taking the top side of the rolls) and the remaining characteristics.

6 ILUMINACIÓN

Artificial lighting is uniform and so that does not cause glare of athletes, judges nor spectators. Mark the standard UNE-EN 12193 “ Illumination of sports facilities ” and will have the following minimum levels of illumination:

LEVELS OF ILUMINACIÓN MÍNIMOS
ATHLETICS abroad (all activities)
COMPETICIÓN LEVEL Horizontal illuminance
And med (lux) Uniformity
And min / Emed
International and national competitions 500 0.7
Local and regional competitions, training high level 200 0.5
Training, school sport and recreation 100 0.5

Vertical lighting in the finishing line must be 1000 lux for foto-finish team.

For TV broadcasts of color and recording movies requires a vertical illuminance levels of at least 1,000 lux and 1,400 lux in international competitions, however this value can increase with distance from the camera to the object. For more information regarding vertical illuminance, uniformity, color temperature and Performance index of color must consult the mentioned law.

7 ROUTE OF THE LINE

The layout of the line will be done according to the drawings

The width of the lines will be 5 cm except the strokes of placing the fences that will be 1.5 cm in width.

All lines are part of the surfaces that delimit except for the “ finish line ” and “ the traces of the placement of the fences ”. The color of the lines will be white, with the exception of “ lines of output intermediate ” and the “ traces of the placement of the fences ” that will be another color. The marking of lines on synthetic pavement should be perfectly acceded, be permanent, as well as enrasar with the surface.

The complete route can be specified the following details:

7a) Kerb: The edge or edge interior (the located at the left of the athlete who runs) will be a white line of 5 cm width and when the line is integrated into the track in ring, will be provided with a kerb encintado or aluminium or other appropriate material, of approximately 5 cm in height and a minimum of 5 cm width, placed horizontally along its entire length. In any case, the track should be restricted internally and externally by a concrete curbs or another suitable material to limit the box of the track (kerbs flush). See the standard NIDE athletics races ATL pt.

7b) lines of departure and arrival: The output of each distance to go and the arrival of all of them, sought perpendicular to the line or kerb interior. Will be uninterrupted, will have its extremes in “ inner and outer lines ” and will be a length matching the width of the line. Each distance to travel will be measured including completes the “ starting line ” and excluding the thickness of the “ finish line ”.

To help the alignment of Foto-Finish team and to facilitate the reading of the film of Foto-Finish intersections of lines of the streets with the finishing line will be painted in black with proper design.

7c) limit Line aisle or street: The line limit for each corridor chart parallel to the kerb interior line or at a distance determined by multiplying the number of streets that separated from the kerb by the width of a street. Each participant will have an independent aisle throughout his career, a width of 1.22 m (± 0.01 (m), including the line limit located right in the direction of the race.

7d) braking Zone: beyond the “ finish line ” in the direction of career, there is an area where the corridor once crossed the arrival may decelerar in a sufficient space. This area must have a minimum length of 12,50 m in facilities and recreational school sport, indoor athletics the minimum length is 15,00 m. The ideal length of the braking zone is 17 m.

7e) arrival Zone: to facilitate the vision of the arrival by spectators, journalists and judges, is optional, the route in the last 5 m career of a “ grid ” of arrival consisting of a series of parallel lines to the “ finish line ”.

Five lines can be plotted separate continuous 1 m among themselves and with the finishing line or four lines (three continuous and a discontinuous) separated 5, 3, 2 and 1m arrival. The streets can be marked with numbers of minimum height of 0.50 m read in the direction of the race.

7f) Strokes of placing fences: Will outline perpendicular to the “ lines ” aisle limit the strokes indicating the placement of the fences for the different categories. These strokes have 1.5 cm in width and sobresaldrán on both sides of each line “ limit ” aisle a length of 10 cm. The exact distance to which will be placed every fence, will be determined by the edge of the stroke located closer to the “ starting line ”. Each age category has established a distance of particular race, as well as The number of fences to move, its height and intermediate distances possible; this can be found in the following tables for outdoor competitions:

FENCES RACING OUTDOORS - MEN
CATEGORÍAS SPECIFICATIONS
Distance
career
(m)
Nº de
fences
Height
the fences
(m)
Distances (m)
1St exit
fence
Between fences Last
meta-fence
, Senior
Promise, Junior
110 10 at 1,067 13.72 9.14 14.02
Youth 110 10 1.00 / fluctuation 13: 35 / 13.72 8.90 / 9.14 14.02 16,55 /
Cadet 100 10 fluctuation 13,00 8.50 10.50
Child 80 8 0.84 Bookmaker 8,20 10.3

FENCES RACING OUTDOORS - WOMEN
CATEGORÍAS SPECIFICATIONS
Distance
career
(m)
Nº de
fences
Height
the fences
(m)
Distances (m)
1St exit
fence
Between fences Last
meta-fence
, Senior
Promise, Junior
100 10 0.84 13,00 8.50 10.50
Juvenil, Cadet 100 10 0.762 13,00 8.50 10.50
Child 80 8 0.762 Bookmaker 8,20 10.3

The following tables show specifications for competitions in indoor court:

FENCES RACING TRACK DECK - MEN
CATEGORÍAS SPECIFICATIONS
Distance
the
career
(m)
Nº de
fences
Height
the fences
(m)
Distances
(m)
To exit
1ª fence
Between
fences
Last
meta-fence
Senior, promise,
Junior
60 5 at 1,067 13.72 9.14 9,72
Youth 60 5 1.00 / fluctuation 13: 35 8.90 11.05
Cadet 60 5 fluctuation 13,00 8.50 13,00
Child 60 5 0.84 Bookmaker 8,20 14.90

FENCES RACING TRACK DECK - WOMEN
CATEGORÍAS SPECIFICATIONS
Distance
the
career
(m)
Nº de
fences
Height
the fences
(m)
Distances
(m)
To exit
1ª fence
Between
fences
Last
meta-fence
Senior, promise,
Junior, Youthful
60 5 0.84 13,00 8.50 13,00
Cadet 60 5 0.762 13,00 8.50 13,00
Child 60 5 0.762 Bookmaker 8,20 14.90

An outline of the placement of the fences in competitions outdoors and indoor court are in the drawing

8 THE POLES OF ARRIVAL

Specify the extremities of the finish line. construction Will rigid, white, being situated at least 30 cm out of each end of the line.

Measured approximately 1,40 m in height, 8 cm in width and 2 cm thick. Its use should not interfere, in its case, with the team of foto-finish.

The setting to the soil should preferably be through an anchor tube with cap of the depth of Docking to provide the rigidity of the appropriate pole.

Unless the arbitrator judge will be counterproductive, because of the direction and the wind speed, it will build a woollen thread through the track between the two poles of arrival and subject to them, to 1.22 m above the ground, with the aim of helping the classification of participants. Will be exactly above the edge of the finish line closest to the exit

9 EXIT TACOS

Exit bruskah devices used by brokers for departures on the evidence of speed. The output wads may be private property or supplied by the organizer of competitions or owner of facilities, according to the cases. In any case, should be constitution absolutely rigid and without providing any irregular advantage both the competitor, as inconvenience to the remaining corridors. Tacos should be able to withdraw quickly and easily from the pavement to which will be nailed by a number of specific tips, so that cause as little harm as possible; both this number as the length and thickness of these tips depend on the type of pavement of the track. The anchor may not allow any movement during the output.

If the tacos are provided by the organizers must meet the following provisions: be constituted by two plates against which the athlete's foot support in the position of departure. These plates are mounted on a rigid structure which should not impede the athlete tacos when it stops in the output. The plates may have an adjustable tilt and be flat or slightly concave career sense. The surface of these plates must be prepared to accommodate the nails of the athlete's shoes, either with slots or cracks in surfaces in that is placed on foot or covering that with an appropriate material which allows the use of shoes with spikes. Athletes competitors in World championships, Olympic Games, drinks of the world Championships of Area, games of Area, Area Cups, encounters between two or more National Federations may use only the tacos provided by the organizers.

In world championships, Olympic Games, drinks of the world Championships of Area, Area games, glasses of Area, exit bruskah must be connected to a device that detects the exits false. The examining exits and / or an attachment should bring headphones that allows you to clearly hear an audible signal from the control apparatus whenever detects an exit false (for example when the reaction time is less than 100 / 1000 second) to confirm that athlete / s is / are responsible / s of the output false. This system must have been approved by the IAAF (International Association of Athletics Federations) or by the Real Spanish Federation of Athletics.

It is recommended that the device detection of false output is used in any competition.

10 FENCES

The fences are the obstacles that must cross the athlete in specialties called this way. The number of them, their height and placement in the line is indicated in the drawings

The fence shall be composed of the following elements:

- The basis of metal or another suitable material, protected from corrosion or non-corrosive consisting of two parallel tubes in the direction of the race, maximum length 70 cm and one transverse joining the extremes of the previous ones.

- Two vertical uprights, also of metal or another suitable material, protected from corrosion or non-corrosive, united to extremes already cited the tubes roots and scalable height, depending on the category dispute.

- A higher mischievous, wood or another suitable material, painted in black and white or in other colors that contrast so that the white stripes or clearer have at least 22.5 cm wide left at the ends. This mischievous have a length of 118 to 120 cm, a width of 7 cm, and a thick between 1 and 2.5 cm.

Will be firmly subject in their limbs to the vertical uprights and its outer edges will be rounded. It supports a tolerance of ± 3 mm in the regulatory heights to bridge differences or variations of construction.

The fences will be placed on the track so that your feet or bases are on the side by the approaching competitors and will be placed so that the edge of the nearest transom made in the corridor approaching matches the mark on the nearest track the athlete. Its total mass may not be less than 10 kg. To overturn it will exercise in the center of the upper edge minimum force 3.6 kg-fuerza and maximum 4 kg-fuerza. Adapted to the two tubes two balances scalable database, to maintain this magnitude of drive in all categories. To verify the resistance force of the fences, you can use a balance with springs applying traction in the center of the top bar. Also may use a rope with a hook, which set to the top bar, at its midpoint, will go through a pulley located properly and will load weight.

Record to certify global, continental and national, shall be used a game full fences that meets these specifications.

11 LADDERS OF JUDGES AND CRONOMETRADORES

Reserves outside the side strips the space required for the situation of ladders where they are planted judges of arrival and the cronometradotes. The stairs are distributed with its central axis coinciding with the finishing line, in its extension and at least 5 metres at each laso from the kerb or lateral line. The judges of arrival moves all within or outside and always cronometradotes outside the track.

12 TÉCNICO TEAM

12th) Anemometer:

Whenever there are taken into account the wind speed in a race, you must provide the existence of a measuring device that speed (anemometer) that will be placed in the midpoint of the line (50 m from the arrival), to a maximum of 2 m separation of kerb or street No 1 and placed at a height of approximately 1.22 m. The registration of anemometer will be done in meters per second and must be certified by a competent body.

There will be additional table and chair for the appropriate anemometer fired annotations.

12b) The Output:

In all the races, the judge of departures should count them through a gun shot or similar device, using a microphone to transmit their orders through loudspeakers that participants are located in each street. Alternatively, if not can use this address system, make the shot and about the same distance of each athlete. If the Judge cannot be placed in that position, if it should be the gun or device used, with the shot by electrical contact.

12c) Chronometer and Photo Finish:

Should be used a system of electronic timekeeping fully automatic in national and international competitions. The system used must be approved by the Real Federation athletics Española.. The system should be fully automatic, when it is launched by contact with the judge's pistol exits at the time of the lightning of the explosion and when times and positions of participants can viewing the hundredth of a second on a film in movement or photograph (foto-finish). it can be used a system of video recording that meets the above features, which uses a video camera aligned with the finishing line, which occurs at least 50 frames per second and may contain a timekeeping device that produces a 1 / 50 of a second.

Must be buried pipe through section tubes enough for connecting cables teams and timekeeping data process, with its manholes which, as well as to the power of these appliances, so that it is not necessary to place surface cables on the runway.