Racing ATLo Obstacles
1 TAMAÑO EN ROUTE
The paths for racing obstacles are integrated within an athletics track in closed ring. Consequently its size will coincide with approximately the of the track which is registered. In each full circle of an obstacle course is franquearán five obstacles, being the passage of the estuary the fourth of them. The obstacles will be distributed on a regular basis so that the distances between them is approximately a fifth of the normal length of a return.
Standard distances are 2,000 m and 3,000 m. in the 3,000 m no obstacle in the journey between the output and the start of the first round, keeping those withdrawn until the athletes have started the first round. The proof of 2,000 m the first obstacle to save will be in the third fence of a return normal. The previous barriers between the starting line and the first obstacle to save in the race will be withdrawn until the athletes have gone for the first time.
The race will be taking the kerb interior of the track on the left. The tour has the width of the track in which this inscribed (6 or 8 streets) except for the area in the second corner where is the estuary, which will be at least 3.66 m.
The estuary can be installed permanently in the interior of the track in the second semicircle, see figure
or on the outside of the track, outwardly ready to the second curve, see figure
The estuary in the interior is linked to the main track by an arc of transition and when the estuary is situated outside the semicircle, the track the composed a line of transition (longitude “ a ”) followed by an arc of transition (radio “ R ”) and a line of transition. If the estuary is located inside the track, the kerb removable must be at the beginning and end of the curve of the estuary.
The race track of obstacles integrated into the standard Track radio 36,50 m, recommended by the IAAF (International Association of Athletics Federations) shown in figure
in the case of having the estuary inside the semicircle and figure
in the case of having the estuary outside the second curve.
The length of the route will depend on the status of the estuary (abroad or inside the track) and the number of streets of the track (only when the estuary is external).
The distances of the races are under the age categories. The characteristics of a tour racing obstacles can be found in the drawings
as well as in the following table:
|CARACTERÍSTICAS||RACE LENGTH (m)|
|No OBSTÁCULOS To CROSS||28 fences and steps
7 steps estuary
|18 fences and steps
5 steps estuary
|12 crossings fences and
3 steps estuary
|8 steps fences and
2 steps estuary
|Standard Track LENGTH ROUND (m)||FOREIGN RÍA: 419,407|
|INTERNAL RÍA: 396,084|
2 OUTER BANDS AND SECURITY
To facilitate the development of competition and security of athletes, bands will be reserved minimum unhindered spaces of 1.50 m minimum width in the sides of the route. Can be reduced in the area of contact between the estuary and first or Last street of the track to 0.75 m. When not in use the estuary, it is recommended that is completely covered to level with the surrounding area.
3 HEIGHT OBSTÁCULOS FREE
The height between the pavement and the nearest obstacle (power lines in outdoor facilities) both on the track as on the outer bands, should be totally free and have a minimum of 5 m.
SOLAR ORIENTACIÓN 4
The longitudinal axis of the straights of journey must match the geographic address N-NO (river) / S-SE, with their variance within the period between environment and Not.
TYPE OF FLOORING 5
The track will be a pavement features normally different from their outer bands. The outdoor area should be completely flat, according to the evacuation superficial waters sideways slope a maximum of 1 per 100 inland longitudinal and another top (career direction) of 1 per 1,000. The pavement must have solved the drainage deep, as well as not being abrasive or slippery and elastic although endowed itself of security underfoot.
The pavement will be synthetic, prefabricated or “ in situ ”, on a basis of zahorras (sand and gravel) 15 cm thick minimum and two layers of asphalt agglomerated 40 mm (Arid Ømáx.: 20 mm) and 25 mm (Arid Ømáx.: 5 mm) thick minimum respectively.
Mark the following requirements under UNE 41958 IN “ sports Pavements ”:
|REQUIREMENTS FOR SPORTS PAVEMENT ATHLETICS TRACKS|
|50% ≥ VFG ≥ 35%||Competitions international and national Level|
|35% ≥ VFG ≥ 20%||Regional competitions, local, recreational, school|
|Deformation||≤ 3Mm StV|
|Friction||Μ ≤ 0.5|
|Planeidad||Differences in levels below 3 mm measured with rule of 3 m (1 / 1000)|
|Pending||Maximum 1:250 radial gradient|
|Resistance to impacts||Without fissures, cracks or deformations over 0.5 mm for impacts of 8 Nm|
|Resistance to nails *||Maximum weight loss 10%|
|Resistance to traction||Porous pavements: ≥ 400 kPa
Non porous pavements: ≥ 500 kPa
Elongation of breakage (Er): ≥ 40%
|Thickness||12 mm; track
20 mm; jump areas (boom, longitude, height, triple jump) of throwing spears and pit of the estuary
* Rules and the soles of the shoes heels may have up to a maximum of 11 nails. For synthetic pavement part of the nail that protrudes from the soles or heeled should not exceed 9 mm, except for leap of height and of throwing spears not exceeding 12 mm. The maximum diameter of the nails will be 4 mm In another type of pavements the maximum length of the nail is 25 mm diameter and the maximum 4 mm
Artificial lighting is uniform and so that does not cause glare of athletes, judges nor spectators. Mark the standard UNE-EN 12193 “ Illumination of sports facilities ” and will have the following minimum levels of illumination:
|LEVELS OF ILUMINACIÓN MÍNIMOS
ATHLETICS abroad (all activities)
|COMPETICIÓN LEVEL||Horizontal illuminance|
|And med (lux)||Uniformity
And min / Emed
|International and national competitions||500||0.7|
|Local and regional competitions, training high level||200||0.5|
|Training, school sport and recreation||100 (1)||0.5|
(1) Horizontal lighting can be reduced to 75 lux for racing.
Vertical lighting in the finishing line must be 1000 lux for foto-finish team.
For TV broadcasts of color and recording movies requires a vertical illuminance levels of at least 1,000 lux and 1,400 lux in international competitions, however this value can increase with distance from the camera to the object. For more information regarding vertical illuminance, uniformity, color temperature and Performance index of color must consult the mentioned law.
7 OF THE TOUR ROUTE
Routing of performed in accordance with drawings
When the race track of obstacles consists in the standard Track radio 36,50 m, the route shown in figure
The width of the lines will be 5 cm, with the exception of the strokes of placing obstacles that will be 5 to 12.7 cm width.
The measurement of the perimeter of the tour takes place on the imaginary line located 30 cm from the outer edge of the kerb OR to 20 cm if it is a line painted which replaces the kerb.
All lines are part of the surfaces that delimit except for the “ finish line ” and “ the traces of the placement of the obstacles ”. The color of the lines limit of corridors and lines of departure and arrival will be white, while marking lines of fences will be of any color. The marking of lines on synthetic pavement should be perfectly acceded, be permanent, as well as enrasar with the surface.
The complete route can be specified the following details:
7a) Kerb: The edge or edge interior (the located at the left of the athlete who runs) will be provided with a kerb encintado or aluminium or other appropriate material, of approximately 5 cm in height and a minimum of 5 cm width, placed horizontally along its entire length. On the pavement synthetic lateral lines outline the interior and exterior and on the kerb establishing the details of marking plate through lasting character. The section of the track where athletes leave the general perimeter of the track to cross the estuary, must be indicated by a white line of 5 cm and a plastic cones or flags of 20 cm minimum height, placed at intervals not exceed 4 m.
7b) finish line: The finishing line of all distances to go chart perpendicular to the line or kerb interior. Is continuous, white of 5 cm width, will have its extremes in “ inner and outer lines ” and will be a length matching the width of the line. Each distance to travel will be measured including complete to “ starting line ” and excluding the thickness of the “ finish line ”. To help the alignment of Foto-Finish team and to facilitate the reading of the movie Video-Finish, the intersections of lines of the streets with the finishing line will be painted in black with proper design.
7c) lines of output: The starting line of careers that is spent entirely on free track, will be curve and will cover the entire width of the track. Chart so that the gap between the “ starting line ” and the “ finish line ” is identical for each athlete, whatever their position in the starting line.
7d) braking Zone: beyond the “ finish line ” in the direction of career, there is an area where the corridor once crossed the arrival may contain a sufficient space. This Area may develop coinciding with the beginning of the curve.
7e) arrival Zone: to facilitate the vision of the arrival by spectators, journalists and judges, is optional, the route in the last 5 m career of a “ grid ” of arrival consisting of a series of parallel lines to the “ finish line ” can be drawn separate continuous five lines 1 m among themselves and with the arrival or four lines (three continuous and a discontinuous) separated 5, 3, 2 and 1m arrival. The streets can be marked with numbers of a minimum height of 0.50 m read in the direction of the race.
7f) Strokes of placing obstacles: Will outline perpendicular to the “ interior ” line strokes that indicate the placement of the obstacles to the different categories. These strokes will 12 cm in width and sobresaldrán internal line a length of 12 cm. The exact distance to which will be placed every obstacle, will be determined by the edge of the stroke located close to “ starting line ”. Each age category has established a distance of particular race, as well as The number of barriers to cross, its height and intermediate distances possible. In the drawingsATLo-2aandATLo-2bshows the exact status of the strokes of placing obstacles in the track with the estuary standard interior and exterior respectively.
8 THE POLES OF ARRIVAL
Specify the extremities of the finish line. construction Will rigid, white, being situated at least 30 cm out of each end of that line. Measured approximately 1,40 m in height, 8 cm in width and 2 cm thick. Its use should not interfere, in its case, with the team of foto-finish.
The setting to the soil should preferably be through an anchor tube with cap of the depth of Docking to provide the rigidity of the appropriate pole. Unless the arbitrator judge will be counterproductive, because of the direction and the wind speed, it will build a woollen thread through the track between the two poles of arrival and subject to them, to 1.22 m above the ground, with the aim of helping the classification of participants. Will be exactly above the edge of the finish line closest to the exit
9 THE OBSTÁCULOS, FENCES
The obstacles consisting of fences steps must overcome in number of four located in the order and position shown in paragraph 1.
The fences shall be composed of the following elements:
A wooden base, metal protected from corrosion or non-corrosive or another suitable material, with two supports of a width of 120 to 140 cm in the direction of the race. Two or more vertical uprights, wooden or metal protected from corrosion or non-corrosive or another suitable material, united between if for a network that the rigidiza and transmitting the burden on the two foundations already cited.
A top bar of wood or another suitable material, painted in black and white stripes or in other colors that contrast, insomuch that the belts more clear that will have a width of at least 22.5 cm remain in the extremes. This display will have a minimum length of 396 cm with a flight from 30 cm at each end free. The cross-section will take approximately dimensions of 127 x 127 mm must be rounded edges higher. Will Be firmly united in their points of support for the vertical uprights. The top side is parallel to the floor and will be located at 91.4 cm (± 0.3) for testing of men and 76.2 cm (± 0.3) for testing of women.
The total mass of the obstacle will be between 80 and 100 Kg. Obstacles will be placed on the track so perpendicular to the tangent to the kerb at that point and so that the first 30 cm from the top bar remain inside the central area, measured from the inside of kerb of the track.
It is recommended that the first hurdle to save in the race measured at least 500 cm. When used fences scalable must be built so that they are entirely stable at any height that can be placed.
All elements of the obstacle will be ready to withstand the weather conditions more difficult. To certify world record, continental and national game should be used a full of obstacles that this accepted by the international federation.
THE RIVER 10
The estuary shall consist of a fence fixed and by a moat of water.
The fence of the estuary will have identical characteristics to those described in paragraph 9, with the difference that the foundation said there will be replaced by a fixed to the floor through an anchor tube with cap (if the handicap is dismountable) or wrongly (when the obstacle is fixed) of the depth of Docking to provide the rigidity of the appropriate pole. The length of the top bar will be 366 cm (± 2).
The pit of water, including the obstacle placed, you must have a plant dimensions in length and width of 366 cm. The maximum depth of water in the pit will be 70 cm and its fund will be a horizontal stripe immediately at the foot of the obstacle. The rest of the fund will be limited an upwards between the Edge located at the other side of the obstacle and the horn of the encounter with the horizontal plane quoted; the incline is determined as expressed in the drawing
To ensure athletes to a support on the merits of the pit, it must be maintained the synthetic pavement of the track on the entire width of 366 cm (direction perpendicular to the race) by at least 250 cm in length. In any case the thickness should not exceed 25 mm and will have 20 mm thick minimum recommended The sides of the estuary will not edges with edges alive or parties and its sharp
will not be abrasive regalia to avoid injury athletes. when the estuary was not this using it is recommendable that this deck at the level of the pavement of the track.
11 LADDERS OF JUDGES AND CRONOMETRADORES
Reserves outside the side strips the space required for the situation of ladders where they are planted judges of arrival and the cronometradotes. The stairs are distributed with its central axis coinciding with the finishing line, in its extension and at least 5 metres at each laso from the kerb or lateral line. The judges of arrival moves all within or outside and always cronometradotes outside the track.
12 DIMENSIONAL VERIFICACIÓN
Dimensional verification required for obtaining the certificate of approval and so that they can hold competitions and official records will be done with the corresponding to the athletics track 400 m.
13 TÉCNICO TEAM
13th) The Output: At all races, the judge of departures should count them through a gun shot or similar device, using a loudspeaker to convey their orders, with about the same distance of each athlete. If the Judge cannot be placed in that position, if it should be the gun or device used, with the shot by electrical contact.
13b) and Timekeeping Foto-Finish: Should be used a system of electronic timekeeping fully automatic in national and international competitions. The system used must be approved by the Real Federation athletics Española.. The system should be fully automatic, when it is launched by contact with the judge's pistol exits at the time of the lightning of the explosion and when times and positions of participants can viewing the hundredth of a second on a film in movement or photograph (fotofinish).
Can be used a system of video recording that meets the above features, which uses a video camera aligned with the finishing line, which occurs at least 50 frames per second and may contain a timekeeping device that produces a 1 / 50 of a second. Should reflect pipelines tubes buried by section enough for connecting cables teams and timekeeping data process, with its manholes which, as well as to the power of these appliances, so that it is not necessary to place surface cables on the runway.
13c.) Device file of turns: Will be a device file laps in the vicinity of the finish line to inform each participant laps still has to go. This device may be of mechanical drive, electrical or electronic. Likewise indicating the comienzote the latest round, sounding a bell or other acoustic system.
14 BÁSICA BIBLIOGRAPHY
- Rules of Competition (International Association of Athletics Federations, IAAF; Royal Spanish Federation of Athletics RFEA)
- Manual of athletics facilities (IAAF)
- Homologation of installations (RFEA)
- Rules UNE-EN Sporting Pavements
- Rules UNE-EN Sportsequipment
- Rules UNE-EN sports facilities Lighting